Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by unsolicited and repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and excessive and irrational urges to repeat certain actions (compulsions). People grappling with this mental illness are aware of their thoughts and behaviors, yet they have no control over their actions. The symptoms usually begin manifesting during childhood, teenage, or young adulthood. In comparison to females, males develop the symptoms earlier. In the Unites States, more than 2 percent of the population is afflicted with this disorder.
Symptoms of OCD
The symptoms of an OCD last for at-least an hour on an everyday basis and greatly affect the quality of life. A person battling an OCD is obsessed about their compulsions. Obsessions are disturbing and irrational thoughts that recur. Some examples are:
Thinking about harming someone or having harmed them already
Doubts about whether the stove has been turned off and the door has been locked
Disturbing sexual images
Fear of shouting or saying something inappropriate in the public
Compulsions are characterized by repetitive acts which might cause temporary alleviation of stress caused by an obsession. People are aware that these repetitive rituals do not make any sense, however, they still indulge in these acts to relieve their anxiety. Some examples include:
Repeatedly washing hands due to the fear of germs
Counting money again and again
Repeatedly checking off things mentally
Causes of OCD
Although the exact etiology behind the development of OCD is not known, researchers hypothesize that multiple areas of the brain might be contributing to the symptoms. These areas do not respond routinely to serotonin. In addition, genetics is also thought to be an important contributing factor. If a parent or a sibling has this mental illness, then the probability of a close relative developing the disorder increases significantly.
Diagnosis of OCD
The diagnosis of an OCD is established by a psychiatrist or a mental health professional. Before an accurate diagnosis can be established, it is necessary that other symptoms, present due to mental illness, or some other physical illness, are ruled out. For a diagnosis to be established, it is imperative that:
A person deals with obsessive compulsive symptoms
The symptoms affect an individual’s day-to-day life
Treatment for OCD
OCD cannot be cured, yet the symptoms can be managed effectively by seeking help from a mental health treatment center. The treatment usually comprises a combination of medication and psychotherapy. A type of antidepressant, known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), has shown positive outcomes by reducing obsessions and compulsions. In psychotherapy, exposure and response therapy (ERT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) leads to reducing of anxiety and improved self-control.
OCD Treatment at Medical Concierge
Untreated mental disorders can overwhelm an individual increasing their risk of suicide. At the mental health treatment center of Medical Concierge, we treat OCD with a comprehensive treatment package comprising medications, therapies, and alternative therapies. We also offer counseling to the family members so that they understand the mental illness afflicting their loved ones and understand ways to care for them.
Our treatment plans are individually customized to suit each patient’s requirements and teaches them how to manage their conditions, control their triggers, and cope with the overwhelming symptoms. Our treatment modalities stimulate and accelerate the healing process. Our team works to ensure that each and every patient receives the latest in treatment modalities in a safe and secure environment to ensure long-term recovery.
To learn more about our treatment modalities, call our 24/7 mental health treatment helpline (877) 636-0042 and speak with a member from our admissions team. You can also chat online with a representative for further information.
Medical Concierge offers quality, innovative and compassionate care for mental illnesses and co-occurring disorders. We also offer alumni services and continuing care to ensure sustained recovery.